Joyce Ann S. Ong
The Punic Wars were several three battles fought between Rome and Carthage from 264 BC to 146 BC. At the time, they were probably the largest wars that had ever before taken place. The term Punic comes from the Latin word Punicus (or Poenicus), meaning " Carthaginian", with regards to the Carthaginians' Phoenician ancestry. The primary cause of the Punic Battles was the turmoil of pursuits between the existing Carthaginian Empire and the increasing Roman Republic. The Romans were primarily interested in development via Sicily (which during that time was a social melting pot), part of which will lay underneath Carthaginian control. At the start in the first Punic War, Carthage was the major power of the Western Mediterranean, with an extensive ocean going empire, while Rome was your rapidly climbing power in Italy, but weren't getting the naviero power of Carthage. By the end in the third warfare, after more than a hundred years, and the loss of a large number of hundreds of thousands of soldiers from both sides, The italian capital had conquered Carthage's disposition and completely destroyed metropolis, becoming the most powerful point out of the American Mediterranean. While using end of the Macedonian wars – which went concurrently while using Punic Battles – as well as the defeat of the Seleucid King Antiochus III the Great in the Roman–Syrian War (Treaty of Apamea, one eighty eight BC) in the eastern marine, Rome emerged as the dominant Mediterranean power and one of the most highly effective cities in classical antiquity. The Roman victories over Carthage in these wars gave Rome a preeminent status it might retain until the 5th hundred years AD. Throughout the mid-3rd hundred years BC, Carthage was a large city located on the coastline of modern Tunisia. Founded by Phoenicians inside the mid-9th century BC, it absolutely was a powerful thalassocratic city-state with a vast business network. From the great city-states in the westernMediterranean, only Rome rivaled this in electricity, wealth, and population. While Carthage's navy blue was the greatest in the ancient world during the time, it did not maintain a sizable, permanent, ranking army. Instead, Carthage depended mostly on mercenaries, especially the indigenous Numidians, to combat its wars. However, the majority of the officers whom commanded the armies had been Carthaginian citizens. The Carthaginians were popular for their abilities as sailors, and contrary to their armies, many Carthaginians from the decrease classes offered in their navy blue, which presented them with a reliable income and career. In 200 BC the Roman Republic had gained charge of the Italian peninsula southern of the Po river. In contrast to Carthage, Rome had significant disciplined armed forces. On the other hand, at the beginning of the First Punic War the Romans got no navy blue, and had been thus by a disadvantage right up until they began to construct their own large fleets during the battle. First Punic War (264 to 241 BC)
The First Punic War (264–241 BC) was fought to some extent on area in Sicily and Africa, but was largely a naval conflict. It began as a neighborhood conflict in Sicily between Hiero II of Syracuse and the Mamertines of Messina. The Mamertines enlisted the aid of the Carthaginian navy, and after that subsequently betrayed them by simply entreating the Roman Senate for aid against Carthage. The Aventure sent a garrison for getting Messina, and so the outraged Carthaginians then lent aid to Syracuse. Together with the two capabilities now involved in the conflict, tensions quickly escalated into a full-scale battle between Carthage and The italian capital for the control of Sicily. After a tough defeat at the Battle of Agrigentum in 262 BC, the Carthaginian command resolved to stop further immediate land-based sites to be with the powerful Roman legions, and concentrate on the ocean where they believed Carthage's large navy blue had the advantage. Initially the Carthaginian navy blue prevailed. In 260 BC they defeated the fledgling Roman navy at the Battle of the Lipari Islands. The italian capital responded by drastically expanding its navy blue in a very short time. Inside two months the Romans had a fleet of above one hundred warships. Because that they knew that they can could...